Science Visualizing Informational Text "Proficient readers spontaneously and purposely create mental images while they and after they read. The images emerge from all five senses as well as emotions and are anchored in a reader's prior knowledge." Ellin Oliver Keene and Susan Zimmermann Mosaic of Thought, p141
Students need to look for visualization cues as they read informational text. In science and social studies students should receive explicit instruction on recognizing cue words such as nouns, setting, location, characteristics, and motion/movement. These words or phrases could be highlighted in a text and discussed using think, pair, share. Anchor charts may be used in the classroom to list these attributes. Students should be encouraged to sketch their visualizations. The end result...deepening comprehension.